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Citation / Referencing Guide: Tables + Figures + Data

When you reproduce or adapt a table in your paper, you will need to cite in three areas:

Title above Table Table 1. Distribution Channels and Retail Values of ice cream in Morocco
Caption below Table
Details: Table note
Note. This table shows that supermarkets and food stores are the most effective distribution channels for ice cream. Adapted from “Packaged Food: Euromonitor from trade sources / national statistics” by Euromonitor International, 2007, Passport Database. Retrieved from http://www.portal.euromonitor.com/
Reference list
Euromonitor International. (2007). Packaged food: euromonitor from trade sources / national statistics. Retrieved from http://www.portal.euromonitor.com/

Example

Table 1
Distribution Channels and Retail Values of ice cream in Morocco

Morocco
Ice cream 2004 2005 2006
Supermarkets/hypermarkets 20.0 22.0 23.1
Independent food stores 15.3 15.5 16.1
Convenience stores 5.8 5.6 5.4
- Standard convenience stores 2.3 2.8 3.2
- Petrol/gas/service stations 3.5 2.8 2.2
Internet sales - - -
Discounters - - -
Others 59.0 56.8 55.5
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

Note. This table shows that supermarkets and food stores are the most effective distribution channels for ice cream. Adapted from “Packaged Food: Euromontor from trade sources / national statistics” by Euromonitor International, 2007, Passport Database. Retrieved from http://www.portal.euromonitor.com/


References

Euromonitor International. (2007). Packaged food: euromonitor from trade sources / national statistics. Retrieved from http://www.portal.euromonitor.com/

Graphs, Charts, Maps, Drawings, photographs are all considered different types of figures. The general principles for citing them are the similar with some variations.

When you reproduced or adapted a figure in your paper, you will need to cite in two areas :-

Caption below figure Figure 1. Bilateral elbow radiographs. Frontal radiographs of the bilateral forearm of subject 2 at 1 (a, c) and 9 months (b, d) following transplantation demonstrates maturing callus formation and osseous bridging of the radius and ulna at the transplant site. There is interval improvement in soft tissue swelling. No hardware complication is present. Alignment at the elbow and wrist is anatomic. Reprinted from "Upper Extremity Composite Tissue Allotransplantation Imaging," by E. George, D. Mitsouras, K. K. Kumamaru, N. Shah, S. E. Smith, K. Schultz, … F. J. Rybicki, 2013, Eplasty, 13, p. 306. Copyright 2013 by The Author(s)
Reference list
George, E., Mitsouras, D., Kumamaru, K. K., Shah, N., Smith, S. E., Schultz, K., … Rybicki, F. J. (2013). Upper extremity composite tissue allotransplantation imaging. Eplasty, 13, e38.

Example

Radiography of the right and left arm after hand transplant

Figure 1. Bilateral elbow radiographs. Frontal radiographs of the bilateral forearm of subject 2 at 1 (a, c) and 9 months (b, d) following transplantation demonstrates maturing callus formation and osseous bridging of the radius and ulna at the transplant site. There is interval improvement in soft tissue swelling. No hardware complication is present. Alignment at the elbow and wrist is anatomic. Reprinted from "Upper Extremity Composite Tissue Allotransplantation Imaging," by E. George, D. Mitsouras, K. K. Kumamaru, N. Shah, S. E. Smith, K. Schultz, … F. J. Rybicki, 2013, Eplasty, 13, p. 306. Copyright 2013 by The Author(s)


References

George, E., Mitsouras, D., Kumamaru, K. K., Shah, N., Smith, S. E., Schultz, K., … Rybicki, F. J. (2013). Upper extremity composite tissue allotransplantation imaging. Eplasty, 13, e38.

Depending on how you are using the data, there are a number of ways to cite them.

Citing data from a table with a publication:
Please refer to Table Tab on how to cite a Table.

Citing data from a data set:

  • Pew Hispanic Center. (2004). Changing channels and crisscrossing cultures: A survey of Latinos on the news media [Data set]. Retrieved from http://pewhispanic.org/datasets/

If the data sets have other documents associated with it (e.g., reports, papers, and analyses about the data; tests and measures used to procure the data; user manuals; code books). When you are citing one of these related items, whether instead of or in addition to the data, be sure to describe the format in brackets after the title.

  • Pew Hispanic Center. (2004). Changing channels and crisscrossing cultures: A survey of Latinos on the news media [Data file and code book]. Retrieved from http://pewhispanic.org/datasets/

Citing data from a data set with DOI:

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. (2013). Treatment episode data set -- discharges (TEDS-D) -- concatenated, 2006 to 2009 [Data set]. doi:10.3886/ICPSR30122.v2

Citing unpublished data:

  • Smith, J.A. (2006). [Personnel survey]. Unpublished raw data.

For reference format and more examples, refer to APA Style Guide to Electronic References (including Data Sets, Software, Measurement Instruments, and Apparatus) and Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (available in SIT Library) produced by American Psychological Association.

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Tips

  • All Figures and Tables should be numbered (e.g. Table 1, Table 2 etc.) chronologically and referred to in your document as Table 1 or Figure 1. Please note that the table or figure number assigned here does not refer to its original resource.
  • If you reproduce the exact table or figure from the source, please use Reprinted from and if you have made changes by compiling your own table or figure from a single source, please use Adapted from. The source should appear in your reference as a full bibliographic entry.
  • If you use data from more than one source of information in your table, you will need to state all sources that have been used to create the table’s data, and cited them in a Note below the table. All the sources must have a full bibliographic entry in your Reference List but you only need to state Author (date) for the citation in the Note field. Refer SFU Guide on Citing Tables & Figures for examples.