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Literature Review

A guide for everything related to Literature Reviews, how to write one, what they are used for, and more.

What is a Literature Review?

What is a Literature Review?

  • Literature = books, case studies, journal articles, reports, or any other scholarly resources relevant to your area of research
  • Review = critical assessment or formal appraisal
  • Literature Review = comprehensive formal assessment of research that has been conducted by others on a certain topic

What a Literature Review Does

What a Literature Review DOES

A literature review provides an overview of research from all over the world on a specific topic, highlighting:

  • the key authors or writers 
  • what researchers are saying
  • what questions are being asked
  • the most popular theories and hypotheses
  • what methods and methodologies are useful and being used.

Scan the Literature

SCAN the Literature

  • Once you have a topic in mind, you need to conduct a quick search in order to:
    • see what is happening in the field
    • identify any research gaps.



  • You may find you need to select another topic!
  • Once you have established that enough research has been published for you to proceed, you can start searching for the literature for your review.


Find literature at

Choose your Topic

Choose your TOPIC

  • Consult your Prof to make sure you are on the right path.
  • Be flexible. You may need to change your topic if you find there is not enough research by others for you to review. 
  • EBP? Use PEO or PICO to help you choose.


In-text Citations

IN-Text Citations


  • We know that we need to cite ALL our references in the Reference list or Bibliography at the end of our papers, right?
  • But do we always remember to cite the work of others in-text when quoting or paraphrasing? An example of a in-text citation for a direct quote is (Choy, 2019, p. 17). 

You may read more about this here.