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Literature Review

A guide for everything related to Literature Reviews, how to write one, what they are used for, and more.

What is a Literature Review?

What is a Literature Review?

  • Literature = books, case studies, journal articles, reports, or any other scholarly resources relevant to your area of research
  • Review = critical assessment or formal appraisal
  • Literature Review = comprehensive formal assessment of research that has been conducted by others on a certain topic
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What a Literature Review Does

What a Literature Review DOES

A literature review provides an overview of research from all over the world on a specific topic, highlighting:

  • the key authors or writers 
  • what researchers are saying
  • what questions are being asked
  • the most popular theories and hypotheses
  • what methods and methodologies are useful and being used.

Scan the Literature

SCAN the Literature

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  • Once you have a topic in mind, you need to conduct a quick search in order to:
    • see what is happening in the field
    • identify any research gaps.

 

 

  • You may find you need to select another topic!
  • Once you have established that enough research has been published for you to proceed, you can start searching for the literature for your review.

 

Find literature at http://libguides.singaporetech.edu.sg/az.php

Choose your Topic

Choose your TOPIC

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  • Consult your Prof to make sure you are on the right path.
  • Be flexible. You may need to change your topic if you find there is not enough research by others for you to review. 
  • EBP? Use PEO or PICO to help you choose.

 

In-text Citations

IN-Text Citations

 

  • We know that we need to cite ALL our references in the Reference list or Bibliography at the end of our papers, right?
  • But do we always remember to cite the work of others in-text when quoting or paraphrasing? An example of a in-text citation for a direct quote is (Choy, 2019, p. 17). 

You may read more about this here.