Skip to Main Content

Evidence Based Practice


Aslam, S., & Emmanuel, P. (2010). Formulating a researchable question: A critical step for facilitating good clinical research. Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 31(1), 47–50.

Aveyard, H., & Sharp, P. (2013). A beginner’s guide to evidence-based practice in health and social care professions. Berkshire, England: McGraw-Hill Education.

Best, M., & Neuhauser, D. (2004). Heroes and martyrs of quality and safety: Ignaz Semmelweis and the birth of infection control. Quality and Safety in Health Care, 13, 233–234. 

Bettany-Saltikov, J. (2012). How to do a systematic literature review in nursing: a step-by-step guide. Berkshire, England: McGraw-Hill.

Burns, P. B., Rohrich, R. J., & Chung, K. C. (2011). The Levels of Evidence and their role in Evidence-Based Medicine. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 128(1), 305–310.

Duke University Medical Center Library & Archives. (2005). Evidence-based medicine resources. Retrieved December 25, 2016 from

Fineout-Overholt, E., & Johnston, L. (2005). Teaching EBP: Asking Searchable, Answerable clinical questions. Worldviews on Evidence-based nursing, 2(3), 157-160.

Greenhalgh, T. (1997). How to read a paper: Papers that summarise other papers (systematic reviews and meta-anaylses. British Medical Journal, 315, 672.

Guyatt, G.H., Haynes, R.B., Jaeschke, R.Z., Cook, D.J., Green, L., Naylor, C.D,...Richardson, W.S. (2000). Users' guides to the medical literature XXV. Evidence-based medicine: Principles for applying the users' guides to patient care. JAMA, 284(10), 1290–1296.

HLWIKI International. (2009). Evidence-based medicine pyramid [Online image]. Retrieved December 25, 2016 from

Melnyk, B.M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2015). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice (4th ed.). Wolters Kluwer. 

Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine - Levels of Evidence. (2009, March). Retrieved December 26, 2016, from

Peterson, M. H., Barnason, S., Donnelly, B., Hill, K., Riggs, L., & Whiteman, K. (2014). Choosing the Best Evidence to Guide Clinical Practice: Application of AACN Levels of Evidence. Critical Care Nurse, 34(2), 58–68.

Richardson, W. S., Wilson, M. C., Nishikawa, J., & Hayward, R. S. (1995). The well-built clinical question: a key to evidence-based decisions. ACP Journal Club, 123(3), A12-A13.

Sackett, D.L., Richardson, W.S., Rosenberg, W.M., & Haynes, R.B. (Eds.). (1997). Evidence-Based Medicine: How to Practice and Teach EBM. New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Thompson, C. & Stapley, S. (2011). Do educational interventions improve nurses’ clinical decision making and judgement? A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies,48(7). 881-893.

Trinder, L. (2008). A Critical Appraisal of Evidence-based Practice. In L. Trinder & S. Reynolds (Eds.), Evidence-based Practice (pp. 212–241). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.