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Not to be confused with the PEO Model for Evidence Based Practice which looks at Patient, Exposure, and Outcome, the Person-Environment-Occupation Model was developed especially for use in Occupational Therapy.
- in the same way that right cannot be defined unless one knows what is wrong, it is difficult to understand a person outside of their context. In order to help promote recovery, all of the following aspects of a person need to be considered:
occupational and social roles
affective (moods, feelings, attitudes) and cognitive characteristics
physical and spiritual characteristics
cultural - the society in which the person lives
personal - age, gender, education, status
physical - everything from the buildings to the grass
social - all the people with whom the person interacts
temporal - relating to time, e.g. time of day, stage of life
virtual - virtual communication
- what people do to occupy themselves, including self care, productivity, and leisure.
Brown, C., Stoffel, V., & Munoz, J.P. (2019).Occupational therapy in mental health: A vision for participation (2nd ed.). F.A. Davis.