Skip to Main Content

Occupational Therapy

Person-Environment-Occupation Model (PEO)

Person Environment Occupation Model

Not to be confused with the PEO Model for Evidence Based Practice which looks at Patient, Exposure, and Outcome, the Person-Environment-Occupation Model was developed especially for use in Occupational Therapy. 



- in the same way that right cannot be defined unless one knows what is wrong, it is difficult to understand a person outside of their context. In order to help promote recovery, all of the following aspects of a person need to be considered:

  • occupational and social roles
  • affective (moods, feelings, attitudes) and cognitive characteristics
  • physical and spiritual characteristics



  • cultural - the society in which the person lives
  • personal - age, gender, education, status
  • physical - everything from the buildings to the grass
  • social - all the people with whom the person interacts
  • temporal - relating to time, e.g. time of day, stage of life
  • virtual - virtual communication



- what people do to occupy themselves, including self care, productivity, and leisure.



 Brown, C., Stoffel, V., & Munoz, J.P.  (2019). Occupational therapy in mental health: A vision for participation (2nd ed.). F.A. Davis.
Ramafikeng, M. (2011). Lecture 3: The person environment occupation model. Occupation Focused Conceptual Frameworks.