Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Occupational Therapy

Person-Environment-Occupation Model (PEO)

Person Environment Occupation Model

Not to be confused with the PEO Model for Evidence Based Practice which looks at Patient, Exposure, and Outcome, the Person-Environment-Occupation Model was developed especially for use in Occupational Therapy. 



- in the same way that right cannot be defined unless one knows what is wrong, it is difficult to understand a person outside of their context. In order to help promote recovery, all of the following aspects of a person need to be considered:

  • occupational and social roles
  • affective (moods, feelings, attitudes) and cognitive characteristics
  • physical and spiritual characteristics



  • cultural - the society in which the person lives
  • personal - age, gender, education, status
  • physical - everything from the buildings to the grass
  • social - all the people with whom the person interacts
  • temporal - relating to time, e.g. time of day, stage of life
  • virtual - virtual communication



- what people do to occupy themselves, including self care, productivity, and leisure.



 Brown, C., Stoffel, V., & Munoz, J.P.  (2019). Occupational therapy in mental health: A vision for participation (2nd ed.). F.A. Davis.
Ramafikeng, M. (2011). Lecture 3: The person environment occupation model. Occupation Focused Conceptual Frameworks.