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Occupational Therapy

Person-Environment-Occupation Model (PEO)

Person Environment Occupation Model

Not to be confused with the PEO Model for Evidence Based Practice which looks at Patient, Exposure, and Outcome, the Person-Environment-Occupation Model was developed especially for use in Occupational Therapy. 

 

Person

- in the same way that right cannot be defined unless one knows what is wrong, it is difficult to understand a person outside of their context. In order to help promote recovery, all of the following aspects of a person need to be considered:

  • occupational and social roles
  • affective (moods, feelings, attitudes) and cognitive characteristics
  • physical and spiritual characteristics

 

Environment

  • cultural - the society in which the person lives
  • personal - age, gender, education, status
  • physical - everything from the buildings to the grass
  • social - all the people with whom the person interacts
  • temporal - relating to time, e.g. time of day, stage of life
  • virtual - virtual communication

 

Occupation

- what people do to occupy themselves, including self care, productivity, and leisure.

 

 References

 Brown, C., Stoffel, V., & Munoz, J.P.  (2019). Occupational therapy in mental health: A vision for participation (2nd ed.). F.A. Davis.
 
Ramafikeng, M. (2011). Lecture 3: The person environment occupation model. Occupation Focused Conceptual Frameworks. https://vula.uct.ac.za/access/content/group/9c29ba04-b1ee-49b9-8c85-9a468b556ce2/Framework_2/lecture3.htm