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APA Citation Style 7th Ed. (other styles too)

Reference List Rules

Your REFERENCE LIST will include ALL the sources you have referenced or quoted from in your assignment or paper. In other words, you should have a corresponding reference list citation for each in text citation.  Your reference list should also follow certain basic guidelines:

  • sources should be listed in alphabetical order, according to the name of the author (see Author Name Format)
  • if there is no author, use the first significant word in the title
  • if you have more than one source from the same author, arrange chronologically according to publication year with the earliest date at the top of the list. If there is no date, this reference will come before those with dates.
  • if you have more than one source by the same author and published in the same year, arrange alphabetically according to title
  • if an author writes one paper alone, and shares the writing of another paper with other authors, list the one-author paper or source first
  • if an author published two papers in the same year, add letters to the publication year, e.g. 2009a, 2009b, n.d.-a, n.d.-b, in press-a, in press-b
  • for each citation in the reference list, indent the second and following lines


For example:

Association of College and Research Libraries. (2018). Framework for information literacy for higher education.

McDermott, M. L. (2005). Candidate occupations and voter information shortcuts. Journal of Politics, 67(1), 201–219.

McDermott, M. L. (2007). Voting for Catholic candidates: The evolution of a stereotype. Social Science Quarterly, 88(4), 953–969.

McDermott, M. L., & Jones, D.R. (2007). Congressional performance, incumbent behavior, and voting in senate elections. Legislative Studies Quarterly, 30(2), 235-257.

McDermott, M. L. (2009a). Religious stereotyping and voter support for evangelical candidates. Political Research Quarterly, 62(2), 340-354.

McDermott, M. L. (2009b). Voting for myself: Candidate and voter group associations over time. Electoral Studies, 28(4), 606-614.

Popkin, S. L. (1994). The reasoning voter: Communication and persuasion in presidential campaigns. University of Chicago.