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APA Citation Style 7th Ed. (other styles too)

US States vs. The World

For works associated with a specific location, e.g. conferences, include the city, state, province, or territory as applicable. As the APA citation style is an American creation, all the US states are included in abbreviated form. For example:

  • New York, NY
  • Boston, MA
  • Chicago, IL

 

Below is a list of the abbreviations for the US, Australia, and Canada. 

UNITED STATES    
ALABAMA - AL
ALASKA - AK
ARIZONA - AZ
ARKANSAS - AR
CALIFORNIA - CA
COLORADO - CO
CONNECTICUT - CT
DELAWARE - DE
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA -DC
FLORIDA - FL
GEORGIA - GA
GUAM - GU
HAWAII - HI
IDAHO -ID
ILLINOIS - IL
INDIANA - IN
IOWA - IA
KANSAS - KS
KENTUCKY - KY
LOUISIANA - LA
MAINE - ME
MARYLAND - MD
MASSACHUSETTS - MA
MICHIGAN - MI
MINNESOTA - MN
MISSISSIPPI - MS
MISSOURI - MO
MONTANA - MT
NEBRASKA - NE
NEVADA - NV
NEW HAMPSHIRE - NH
NEW JERSEY - NJ
NEW MEXICO - NM
NEW YORK - NY
NORTH CAROLINA -  NC
NORTH DAKOTA - ND
OHIO - OH
OKLAHOMA - OK
OREGON - OR
PENNSYLVANIA - PA
RHODE ISLAND - RI
SOUTH CAROLINA - SC
SOUTH DAKOTA - SD
TENNESSEE - TN
TEXAS - TX
UTAH - UT
VERMONT - VT
VIRGIN ISLANDS - VI
VIRGINIA - VA
WASHINGTON - WA
WEST VIRGINIA - WV
WISCONSIN - WI
WYOMING - WY
CANADA    

ALBERTA - AB

BRITISH COLUMBIA - BC

MANITOBA - MB

NEW BRUNSWICK - NB

NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADOR - NL

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES - NT

NOVA SCOTIA - NS

NUNAVUT - NU

ONTARIO - ON

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND - PE

QUEBEC - QC

SASKATCHEWAN - SK

YUKON - YT

AUSTRALIA    

AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY - ACT

NEW SOUTH WALES - NSW

NORTHERN TERRITORY - NT

QUEENSLAND - QLD

SOUTH AUSTRALIA - SA

TASMANIA - TAS

VICTORIA - VIC

WESTERN AUSTRALIA - WA

Outside the US

 

Not in America?

If the place of publication is not in the US, include the state, province, or territory and country...

  • Hong Kong, China
  • Oxford, England
  • Istanbul, Turkey 
  • Glasgow, Scotland (or United Kingdom, but never UK)
  • Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • Vancouver, BC, Canada
  • Singapore, Singapore